Canning Bridge Activity Centre Plan
The Canning Bridge Activity Centre Plan (CBACP) is a guide for development in the precinct surrounding the Canning Bridge Station on both sides of the Canning River and comprising land within both the City of Melville and the City of South Perth. The area is recognised as an ‘activity centre’ under State Government policy.
The CBACP establishes a foundation for the future of the area through a series of objectives and goals for its ongoing development; guidelines for the style of expected built form; and an implementation framework for improvements to infrastructure and land over time.
The CBACP was prepared by the Western Australian Planning Commission, Department of Planning, City of Melville, City of South Perth, Department of Transport, Public Transport Authority, and Main Roads WA as a joint initiative.
The Canning Bridge Activity Centre Plan (CBACP) is guided by the Canning Bridge Precinct vision statement:
‘The Canning Bridge area will evolve to become a unique, vibrant, creative community centred on the integrated transport node of the Canning Bridge station. The area will be recognised by its unique location, its integrated mix of office, retail, residential, recreational and cultural uses that create areas of excitement, the promotion of its local heritage and as a pedestrian friendly enclave that integrates with the regional transport networks while enhancing the natural attractions of the Swan and Canning Rivers.’
Canning Bridge Station is located within the City of South Perth, directly under the Canning Highway Bridge and within the Kwinana Freeway reserve. The location is highly valued as a transfer point, being at the nexus of the Perth to Mandurah railway and major east-west bus routes. Canning Bridge is the first station south of the Perth CBD. However, the site for the rail station is constrained by the relatively narrow Kwinana Freeway reserve, which limits opportunities for associated urban development in close proximity to the station.
Canning Bridge Rail Station Precinct Study and Vision
In 2006, the City of South Perth commenced a major study of the precinct surrounding the Station on both sides of the Canning Bridge in partnership with the Western Australian Planning Commission (WAPC) and the City of Melville. The precinct area extends to an 800 metre radius around the station, representing a ten-minute walk or a two-minute cycling distance.
The Canning Bridge Rail Station Precinct Study was carried out between 2007 and 2010 in response to successive State Government strategies which aim at providing for population growth up to 2031. These strategies promote ‘activity centres’ containing a range of land uses and providing employment opportunities adjacent to major public transport routes.
Towards the end of 2010, the Cities of South Perth and Melville and the WAPC endorsed the consultants’ final report for the Canning Bridge Precinct Vision as the preferred form of future development for the precinct.
Following endorsement of the vision, a working group was established to oversee the production of the Canning Bridge Activity Centre Plan (CBACP). The working group comprised senior technical officers from the WA Departments of Planning and Transport, Main Roads WA, Public Transport Authority, and Cities of South Perth and Melville.
On 1 February 2017, the Minister for Planning approved City of South Perth local planning scheme Amendment No. 47.
Canning Bridge Activity Centre Plan Review
At its August 2018 meeting, Council resolved to commence a formal review of the CBACP to ensure that it was operating in accordance with its goals and objectives. An extensive review was undertaken with stakeholders asked share their experiences with the CBACP and aspirations for the area. The extensive engagement process allowed opportunity for everyone in the community to get involved and share their views.
Over 230 submissions were received and close to 100 people attended information and feedback sessions as part of the consultation process. As part of this project a Citizen Stakeholder Group (CSG) was established. The group was made up of a random and representative selection of stakeholders from the CBACP community. The CSG met twice to analyse the feedback and provide recommendations on how the CBACP could be improved.
A number of changes to the plan were endorsed by Council in February 2020. Following review and additional changes, the Western Australian Planning Commission approved the modifications to the CBACP in September 2020.
The Canning Bridge Precinct Vision was developed over a number of years and endorsed by the Councils of the City of South Perth and City of Melville in September 2010 and endorsed by the Western Australian Planning Commission (WAPC) and released in July 2011.
The Vision won the 2011 Planning Institute of Australia (WA) – Award for excellence for Best Large Project and it was noted that it 'provides a framework for the regeneration of an important activity centre, optimising its location, transport and access strengths.'
To develop the Activity Centre Plan from the Vision, a partnership was formed between the City of South Perth, the City of Melville and the Western Australian Planning Commission (through the Department of Planning), the transport portfolios of State Government including Main Roads WA, Department of Transport and the Public Transport Authority.
The plan was endorsed by both Councils in 2015 and by the WAPC in 2016.
The Vision statement highlights the main objectives of the precinct:
'The Canning Bridge area will evolve to become a unique, vibrant, creative community centred on the integrated transport node of the Canning Bridge rail station. The area will be recognised by its unique location, its integrated mix of office, retail, residential, recreational and cultural uses that create areas of excitement, the promotion of its local heritage and as a pedestrian friendly enclave that integrates with the regional transport networks while enhancing the natural attractions of the Swan and Canning Rivers.'
Each quarter in the plan also has its own distinct vision in the plan. There are three quarters in the City of South Perth.
This is a long term plan that anticipates development taking place up to 2051. Development is both private and public (infrastructure).
Over the life of the plan there will be reviews and changes that might occur to respond to future community needs.
The CBACP has been in operation now for a few years and the City of South Perth is proactively undertaking a review to make sure that the Plan is operating in accordance with its goals and objectives. The current review has been taking place since February 2019.
In addition to the City’s normal development application (DA) assessment process, there is a Design Review Panel (DRP) exclusive to the centre, which is a group of professionals consisting of Architects, Urban Planners and Landscape Architects.
Prior to formal DA submission each proposal undergoes a pre-lodgement process which is a formal design review process. The DRP provide relevant comments to ensure the proposal meets with design excellence.
The following matters are considered in this process:
- Character - a place with its own identity
- Continuity and enclosure - where public and private space are clearly distinguished
- Quality of the public realm - a place with attractive and well-used outdoor area
- Ease of movement - a place that is easy to get to and move through
- Legibility - a place that is easy to navigate
- Adaptability - a place that can change easily
- Diversity - a place with variety and choice
- Sustainability - environmentally sustainable design
Where the proponent is seeking a development bonus under Clause 21 of CBACP, they must provide detailed comment to illustrate how exemplary design has been achieved.
The pre-lodgement process ensures that applicants have sufficient time to address any concerns in advance of formal DA lodgement. This ensures consistent good design/desired outcomes within the CBAC.
Formal DA submission includes the following additional information i.e. Green Star rates/equivalent, Acoustic Reports, Traffic Impact Assessments, Construction Management Plans, Traffic Management Plans, Waste Management Reports, 3D models and other reports if necessary.
The number of dwellings in a proposed development is not specifically controlled by the CBAC design guidelines (i.e. there is no prescribed maximum number of dwellings for development sites within the CBAC). Rather, dwelling numbers are controlled indirectly by other development controls including: minimum dwelling size requirements, usability and apartment design requirements, building height limits, lot setback requirements, the provision of outdoor living areas and dwelling type and diversity requirements.
Similarly, the state-wide Residential Design Codes do not directly control dwelling numbers within multiple dwelling developments but rather dwelling numbers are indirectly controlled by similar aspects listed above as well as a control on plot ratio.
It should also be noted that market forces and target tenants also play a role in dictating dwelling numbers. The City has already received a range of proposals even within the same zones, with some providing larger dwellings, and hence a lesser number, and some with a larger number of smaller dwellings. This mix of dwelling size meets the vision for the centre.
The plan anticipates that in the short term (0-10 years), the City will develop a Parking Management Plan for the precinct which will be commenced in the near future. This could include recommendations relating to time limits on parking, permit or ticketed parking and the development of public parking stations.
There are a number of transport infrastructure items for the short term including new bus station, and Canning Highway road reservation construction, which the City can continue to advocate for.
Necessary transport infrastructure in the medium term (11-20 years) includes construction of the Manning Road south bound Kwinana freeway on ramp, which may now happen earlier than this timeframe.
The regional transport network around Canning Bridge cannot accommodate continued ‘business-as-usual’ growth. The activity centre plan will reduce the impacts of this congestion.
Providing housing and jobs close to public transport reduces local trip demand, while improving infrastructure encourages mode shift to public transport, cycling and walking.
Other efforts to spread peak hour demand and improve network operations (traffic signal efficiency, bus service frequency) are part of the holistic approach to congestion reduction.
Car parking ratios are set at minimum levels, with no maximum (or cap) at this time. In addition, no visitor parking is required for residential development.
Ensuring a reasonable amount of parking is provided is important, but providing too much parking can actually induce more car-based trips and lead to more parking on local streets.
On 22 September 2020 the Western Australian Planning Commission (WAPC) considered and approved modifications to the Canning Bridge Activity Centre Plan.
The feedback period for the Canning Bridge Activity Centre Plan review closed on 27 November 2019. Thank you to everyone who provided their feedback on the proposed changes to this Plan.